ืžืฉืจื“ื™ ืจื•ืื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœื™ื
ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช ืœื™ื–ืžื™ื ืฉืขื•ืœื™ื ืœืืจืฅ

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœืชืช ืœื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ืขื•ืœื™ื ืœืืจืฅ

ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืื• ืงืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืฉืœื›ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืœืขืœื•ืช ืœืืจืฅ? ื‘ืฉื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื•ืช ื ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืื™ืš ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืกื™ื™ืข ืœื”ื, ืื ื”ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื ื‘ื ืฉืžื”. ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืœื”ืงื™ื ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืขืกืง, ื”ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ื™ื•ืขื™ืœื• ืžืื•ื“.

ืื™ืš ืœื”ืชืžื•ื“ื“ ืขื ื”ื‘ื™ืจื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื” ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ืช ื‘ื”ืงืžืช ืขืกืง?

ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืฉืขื•ืœื™ื ืœืืจืฅ ืžื—ื•”ืœ, ืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื—ื•ืกืจ ื‘ื™ื˜ื—ื•ืŸ ื•ืงืฉื™ื™ื ืœืื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืจื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื” ื”ื ื”ื•ื’ื” ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ. ื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ืขื•ืžืก ื”ื‘ื™ืจื•ืงืจื˜ื™ ื‘ืืจืฅ ืจื‘ ื•ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืฉืขืœ ื™ื–ืžื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงื™ื ืขืกืง ื›ื—ื•ืง, ืื‘ืœ ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืกื™ื™ืข ื‘ื›ืš ืฉืชืคืจื˜ื• ืœื”ื ื›ืžื” ืฆืขื“ื™ื ืขืงืจื•ื ื™ื™ื. ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื–ื”, ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืฉืื™ืจ ื‘ืฆื“ ืฉืืœื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืื™ืš ืœื—ืฉื‘ ืžืข”ืž ื•ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ืชืจื›ื– ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ. ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงื™ื ืขืกืง ื›ืžื• ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ:

  1. ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœืžืก ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืคืชื•ื— ืชื™ืง ืขื•ืกืง. ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืขื•ืกืง, ืฉืžืฉืžืฉ ืžืจื’ืข ื–ื” ื•ืื™ืœืš ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืชืขื•ื“ืช ื”ื–ื”ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืกืง.
  2. ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืœืื•ืžื™, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื›ืขืฆืžืื™ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืกื•ืฆื™ืืœื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ืกืžืš ื”ืคืจืฉื•ืช ืœื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืœืื•ืžื™. ื›ืืฉืจ ืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ืืช ื”ืชื™ืง ื•ืžืฉืœืžื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืงื“ืžื•ืช, ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ื‘ืชืžื•ืจื” ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช ืžืžืœื›ืชื™ ื ืจื—ื‘ ื•ื›ืŸ ืจื•ื‘ื“ ืฉืœ ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืกื•ืฆื™ืืœื™ื•ืช ืœืžืฉืœ ืื ื—ืœื™ืœื” ื ืคื’ืขื™ื ื‘ืชืื•ื ืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ืื ื™ืฉ ืฆืจื•ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืงืฆื‘ื” ื›ื–ืืช ืื• ืื—ืจืช ื•ืขื•ื“.
  3. ืคื•ื ื™ื ืœืžืข”ืž (ืžืก ืขืจืš ืžื•ืกืฃ). ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืขืกืง ืงื˜ืŸ, ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื™ืจืฉื ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืขื•ืกืงื™ื ืคื˜ื•ืจื™ื. ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืคื˜ื•ืจ ืžืžืข”ืž. ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ืขืกืง ืœื ืคื˜ื•ืจ, ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืขื•ืกืง ืžื•ืจืฉื”. ืžืจื’ืข ื–ื” ื•ืื™ืœืš, ืžื•ืชืจ ืœืจืฉื•ื ืงื‘ืœื•ืช ืื• ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืœืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช!
  4. ืจื™ืฉื•ื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ ื‘ืขื ืคื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ืื ืžืงื™ืžื™ื ืขืกืง ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื—ื ื•ืช, ืžืคืขืœ ืชืขืฉื™ื™ืชื™ ื•ื›ื“ื•ืžื”, ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœื•ื•ื“ื ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืžื“ ื‘ืชื ืื™ ืจื™ืฉื•ื™ ืขืกืงื™ื. ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื•ืกื“ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ืชื•ืฃ ื”ืจืฉื•ืช ื”ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื™ื–ื ื”ืขื•ืœื” ื”ื—ื“ืฉ ืžืงื™ื ืืช ื”ืขืกืง. ื•ื›ื“ื•ืžื”. ืขืกืง ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื‘ืœ ืจื™ืฉื™ื•ืŸ ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืžื•ืฆื™ื ืื•ืชื•, ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื—ื•ืง ื•ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฆื• ืกื’ื™ืจื” ืžื ื”ืœื™ ื•ื’ื ื›ื ืกื•ืช ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื. ื”ืจื™ืฉื•ื™ ืžืชืงื‘ืœ ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจืช ืฉืœ ื’ื•ืจืžื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื‘ื ื•ืฉืื™ ืชื‘ืจื•ืื”, ื›ื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืืฉ.

ืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ืžืก ืœืขื•ืœื™ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื?

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื”ื™ื ืœื ืจืง ืžืขืฆืžื” ื‘ื™ืจื•ืงืจื˜ื™ืช ืฉืžืกื‘ื›ืช ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื™ื™ื“ืข ื›ืœ ื™ื–ื ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉื”ื•ื ื’ื ืขื•ืœื” ื—ื“ืฉ, ืฉืžื’ื™ืขื•ืช ืœื ืžืขื˜ ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื•ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื, ืืคืฉืจ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื–ื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœืขื•ืœื” ื—ื“ืฉ, ืฉื‘ืขืฆื ืฉื•ื•ืช ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืื•ื“ ื›ืกืฃ. ืžื™ ืฉืžืฆื ืชื—ืช ืกื˜ื˜ื•ืก ืฉืœ ืขื•ืœื”, ื™ืฉืœื ืžืก ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื ืžื•ืš ืžื”ืจื’ื™ืœ, ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื” ืฉื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ื ืงืœื˜ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื ื”ืœ ืขืกืง ืขืฆืžืื™. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื™ืฉื ืŸ ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช, ืœืžืฉืœ ืœืžื™ ืฉืžืงื™ื ืขืกืง ื‘ืื–ื•ืจ ืขื“ื™ืคื•ืช ืœืื•ืžื™ืช. ื™ืฉื ืŸ ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ืœืžืฉืš ื›ืžื” ื•ื›ืžื” ืฉื ื™ื, ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืžื—ื•”ืœ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืขื•ืœื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื›ื ืกื” ืื• ื—ืกื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•”ืœ, ืคื˜ื•ืจ ื•ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ืžืก ื—ื•ืกื›ื™ื ื›ืกืคื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื.

ืœืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืงื‘ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืขืกืงื™ื•ืช?

ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื™ืฉื ื” ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืžื›ื•ื‘ื“ืช ืœืžื“ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช, ืฉื ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ื‘ืชื•ืจ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืจื•ืช. ืขืฆืžืื™, ื™ื–ื ืื• ื‘ืขืœ ืขืกืง ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืฉื•ื ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื•ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืงื‘ืœื•ืช ืื• ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื›ืกืคื™ื ืฉืฉื™ืœื. ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ื”ื™ื ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืชืคืขื•ืœ, ื•ืœืฉืœื ืžืก ืœืื—ืจ ืงื™ื–ื•ื–. ืื™ืœื• ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื™ืืคืฉืจื• ืœืฉืœื ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืก? ื”ื›ืœืœ ื”ื•ื ืคืฉื•ื˜, ื›ืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื” ืฉืžืฉืœืžื™ื ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ืชืคืขื•ืœ ื”ืขืกืง ื•ืœื”ืฉื’ืช ืจื•ื•ื—ื™ื ื•ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช, ืชื™ื—ืฉื‘ ื”ื•ืฆืื” ืžื•ื›ืจืช. ืœื“ื•ื’ืžื, ืขื•ืœื” ื—ื“ืฉ ืฉืžืงื™ื ืžืขื‘ื“ืช ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืกืœื•ืœืจ, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื”, ื›ืœื™ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ืœื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ืงื• ื˜ืœืคื•ืŸ ืขืกืงื™, ืœืฉืœื ืขืœ ืืกืคืงืช ื—ืœืงื™ื. ื›ืœ ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืขืกืงื™ื•ืช. ืื’ื‘, ืื ืฉื™ื ืฉืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืชื•ืจ ืขืฆืžืื™ื, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื—ื–ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื•ืช. ืขืœ ืกืžืš ื”ื•ื›ื—ืช ืชืฉืœื•ื, ืืคืฉืจ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื–ื™ื›ื•ื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื—ืฉืžืœ, ืืจื ื•ื ื”, ืืคื™ืœื• ืฉื›ืจ ื“ื™ืจื”. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืงื‘ืœื•ืช, ืœืžืงืจื” ืฉืžืก ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื™ื‘ืงืฉ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจืช ืชืงื•ืคืชื™ืช ืฉื•ื˜ืคืช.

ืžืชื™ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืคืชื•ื— ืขื•ืกืง ืคื˜ื•ืจ?

ืœื—ื‘ืจื™ื ืื• ืžื›ืจื™ื ืฉื”ื ืขื•ืœื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื•ืžืจ ืฉื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืคืชื•ื— ืขื•ืกืง ื”ืžื•ื’ื“ืจ ื›ืคื˜ื•ืจ ืื• ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืขื ืคืชื™ื—ืช ืขืกืง ืžื•ืจืฉื”. ืขืกืง ืžื•ืจืฉื” ื ื•ืขื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ืงื™ื ืขืกืง ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช, ืฉืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ืขืกืงืื•ืช ืขื•ืœื” ืขืœ ื›-102000 โ‚ช ืœืฉื ื” ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ื‘ (ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœ-2022). ืขื•ืกืง ืคื˜ื•ืจ ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ืชื ื”ืœ ืขื ืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืจื•ืงืจื˜ื™ื” ืฉื•ื˜ืคืช, ื•ื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ื–ื“ืงืง ืœื“ื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืข”ืž ืื• ืœื’ื‘ื™ื™ืช ืžืข”ืž ืžืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช. ืœืจื•ื‘ ืขืกืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื ื•ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื, ื™ืงื‘ืœื• ื”ื›ืจื” ืฉืœ ืขื•ืกืง ืคื˜ื•ืจ ืฉื”ื™ื ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœืขืกืงื™ื ืงื˜ื ื™ื, ืžืชื—ื™ืœื™ื ื•ื›ืŸ ืœืขืฆืžืื™ื.

ื”ืื ื™ืฉ ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืœืขื•ืœื™ื ื™ื–ืžื™ื?

ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื ื”ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืกืง ื‘ื™ืขื™ืœื•ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืคื ื•ืช ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืœื’ื•ืคื™ื ืฉืžืกื™ื™ืขื™ื ืœื™ื–ืžื™ื ืฉื”ื ืขื•ืœื™ื ื—ื“ืฉื™ื. ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืื—ืจืช ื”ื™ื ืœื”ื™ืขื–ืจ ื‘ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืืฆืœ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื‘ืžืจื›ื–. ื”ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ื‘ื”ืชื ื”ืœื•ืช ืฉื•ื˜ืคืช ื ื›ื•ื ื”, ื—ื™ืกื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ืกื™ื ื•ืžืชืŸ ื›ืœืœื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืกื•ืก ืขืกืงื™ ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ื‘ืืจืฅ ื—ื“ืฉื”.

ืœืžื” ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืขืกืงื™ืช ืžืคื•ืจื˜ืช?

ื›ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืจื•ืฆื” ืœืคืชื•ื— ืขืกืง ืขืฆืžืื™, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื—ื•ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืžืื•ืจื’ื ืช. ืžืื•ื“ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืžืจืืฉ ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืขืกืงื™ืช ื•ื›ืœื›ืœื™ืช. ื™ืฉ ืœืขืจื•ืš ืชื—ื–ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ื•ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืžืกืžืš ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ื—ื–ื•ื™ื•ืช. ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื•ื•ื“ื ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ื ืื•ืชื” ืฉืœืขืกืง ื™ื”ื™ื• ืžืงื•ืจื•ืช ื”ื›ื ืกื”, ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืžื™ื”ื ื”ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช, ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื•ืื™ืš ืœืคืจืกื. ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉื›ื™ืจืช ืžืงื•ื, ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ืคืจืกื•ื, ืžื—ืงืจ ื•ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืœืคื™ ื”ืฆื•ืจืš. ืชื•ื›ื ื™ืช ืขืกืงื™ืช ืžืขืœื” ืืช ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ื™ ื”ื”ืฆืœื—ื” ื•ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœื’ื™ื™ืก ืืฉืจืื™ ืขืกืงื™.

ืžืฉืจื“ ืจื•ืื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื‘ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘

ืžื™ื“ืข ืœื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืงืฉืจ

ื“ื™ืœื•ื’ ืœืชื•ื›ืŸ