ืžืขื‘ืจ ืžืฉื›ื™ืจ ืขืฆืžืื™ ืœืขืฆืžืื™

ืœืžื” ืขื“ื™ืฃ ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื’ื ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืžื”ืขืกืง ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช?

ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื™ื ืœืงื™ื•ืžื• ืฉืœ ืขืกืง, ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื, ื›ืฉื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช, ื™ืฉื ื• ืจืฆื•ืŸ ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืœืฆืžืฆื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืืคืฉืจ ื‘ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช. ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื˜ื‘ืขื™ ื›ืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื” ื ื‘ื—ื ืช ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื”, ื•ื‘ืคืจื˜ ืขื•ืœื” ื”ืฉืืœื” ื”ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ื•ืฆืื” ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ืช, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ื”ืฉืงืขื” ืฉืชื ื™ื‘ ืชื•ืขืœืช ืืžื™ืชื™ืช ื•ืชืกื™ื™ืข ืœืžืฆื•ืช ืืช ื”ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœ ืฉืœ ื”ืขืกืง, ืื• ื‘ื›ื–ื• ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืขืœื™ื” ืขืœ-ืžื ืช ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืžืฉืื‘ื™ื ืœืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื›ืœ ืขืกืง ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ื‘ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื” ื”ื ”ืœ ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืœื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื ืœื•ื•ืชืจ ืขืœ ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™, ื’ื ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื™ื—ืกื™ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช, ื•ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ืœื”ืžืœืฆื” ื—ื“-ืžืฉืžืขื™ืช ื–ื• ืชืžืฆืื• ื›ืืŸ ื‘ืขืžื•ื“.

ืžืงืกื™ืžื•ื ืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™

ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืขืกืง, ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉืœื‘ ืฉืœ ื—ื™ื™ื•, ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช, ื›ืจื•ืš ื‘ืžืชื— ืจื‘. ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ื”ื™ื ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืื™ื ืกืคื•ืจ ื”ื”ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช ืฉื‘ืขืœ ืื• ื‘ืขืœืช ื”ืขืกืง ื ื“ืจืฉื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ, ื•ื”ื—ืฉืฉ ืžืคื ื™ ื‘ื—ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื ืžื™ื˜ื‘ื™ื•ืช. ื›ืฉืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœื˜ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ื’ืขื•ืช ืœื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืกืง, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืœืžืžืฉืง ืžื•ืœ ืจืฉื•ืช ื”ืžื™ืกื™ื, ื›ืœ ื˜ืขื•ืช – ื’ื ืื ื ืขืฉืชื” ื‘ืชื•ื ืœื‘, ื•ื’ื ืื ื”ื™ื ื ื•ื’ืขืช ืœืกื›ื•ืžื™ ื›ืกืฃ ื ืžื•ื›ื™ื ืฉื”ืจื™ ื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขืกืง ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืฆื ื•ืขื•ืช – ืขืœื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœืชืกื‘ื•ื›ืช ืฉืœ ืžืžืฉ. ื‘ื”ืชืื ืื—ืช ื”ืชื•ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืžื”ื•ืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ืฉืงื˜ ื ืคืฉื™, ื•ื‘ื–ื›ื•ืชื• ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœื ื”ืœ ืืช ื”ืขืกืง ืœืœื ืœื—ืฆื™ื ืžื™ื•ืชืจื™ื.

ืžื™ืฆื•ื™ ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืก ื”ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช

ื›ืฉื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช, ื•ื›ืœ ื”ื•ืฆืื” ื›ืืžื•ืจ ืžืฉืื™ืจื” ื‘ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ืขืœ ืื• ื‘ืขืœืช ื”ืขืกืง ืกื›ื•ืžื™ื ืขื•ื“ ื™ื•ืชืจ ื ืžื•ื›ื™ื, ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืžืื•ื“ ืœืžืฆื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื˜ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืก ื”ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช, ื•ื›ืš ืœืฉืœื ืจืง ืืช ืžื” ืฉื‘ืืžืช ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœืฉืœื ืœืžื“ื™ื ื”. ื‘ืคืจื˜ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื ืฆืœ ืืช ื›ืœ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ื–ื™ื›ื•ื™ ื”ืืคืฉืจื™ื•ืช, ื•ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืฉื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืžืชื—ื™ืœื•ืช ืœืขืœื•ืช, ืืคื™ืœื• ืœื‘ืฆืข ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืžืก (ืคืขื•ืœื” ืœื’ื™ื˜ื™ืžื™ืช, ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœื”ืขืœืžืช ืžืก – ื”ื—ื•ืง ืžืชื™ืจ ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ืœืฆืžืฆื•ื ื—ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืžืก ืžืชื•ืš ืฉืื™ืคื” ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื™ื–ื•ืŸ ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ืฉืœ ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ืžื™ืกื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ืขืกืงื™ื ืžืฉื’ืฉื’ื™ื).

ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉืืจ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ื–ื™ื›ื•ื™ ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ื™ืœื“ ื ื›ื”, ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ืชืฉืœื•ื ืžื–ื•ื ื•ืช, ื›ืฉื‘ืขืœ ืื• ื‘ืขืœืช ื”ืขืกืง ืžืคืจื ืกื™ื ืืช ื‘ืŸ/ื‘ืช ื”ื–ื•ื’, ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ืœื™ืžื•ื“ื™ื ื•ืขื•ื“.

ื—ื™ืกื›ื•ืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ

ืขื•ื“ ืกื™ื‘ื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืœื›ืš ืฉื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ื™ืขื–ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ืฉืœ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื—ื™ืกื›ื•ืŸ ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ. ื“ื•ื•ืงื ื‘ืขืกืง ืงื˜ืŸ, ื›ืฉื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืžืฆื•ืžืฆืžื•ืช ื•ืžืŸ ื”ืกืชื ืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื”ืขืกื™ืง ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ื’ื ื‘ืชืคืงื™ื“ื™ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ื™ื, ืœื‘ืขืœ ืื• ื‘ืขืœืช ื”ืขืกืง ื™ืฉ ืื™ื ืกืคื•ืจ ืžื˜ืœื•ืช ื‘ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื ื•ื™ื•ื. ื’ื ื›ืฉื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืื™ืš ืœื—ืฉื‘ ืžืขืž, ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ื“ืจืฉืช ื”ืงื“ืฉืช ืœื ืžืขื˜ ื–ืžืŸ ืœืฆื•ืจืš ื”ื›ื ืช ื“ื•ื— ืื—ืช ืœื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื™ื, ื”ื›ื ืช ื”ื“ื•ื— ื”ืฉื ืชื™ ืœืžืก ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื”ื™ื ื›ื‘ืจ ืžื˜ืœื” ืชื•ื‘ืขื ื™ืช ืžืื•ื“, ื•ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื›ืœืœื™ ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ื ื•ืช ื’ื•ื‘ื” ื–ืžืŸ ื™ืงืจ – ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื—ืกื•ืš ื›ืฉื ืขื–ืจื™ื ื‘ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ. ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื ื—ืกืš ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืชื‘ ืœืžื˜ืจื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื•ืžื˜ืœื•ืช ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ื•ืช, ื•ื›ืš ืœื”ืฆืžื™ื— ืืช ื”ืขืกืง.

ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื“ื•ืžื” ืืคืฉืจ ืœื”ื™ืขื–ืจ ื‘ืื™ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœื—ืกื•ืš ื–ืžืŸ ืขื•ื“ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉื”ืขืกืง ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืœืคืขื•ืœ, ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื”ืงืžื” – ืœืžืฉืœ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืกืžืš ืœืคืชื•ื— ืชื™ืง ืžืขืž ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืชื™ื•.

ื“ื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืขืž ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื

ืœื›ืื•ืจื” ื›ืฉื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืžืกืคืจ ื”ืขืกืงืื•ืช ืฉื‘ื•ืฆืขื• ื‘ื›ืœ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ืžืฆื•ืžืฆื, ื”ื›ื ืช ื“ื•ื— ืžืขืž ื”ื™ื ืžืฉื™ืžื” ืคืฉื•ื˜ื” – ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ ื ื“ืจืฉืช ื‘ืงื™ืื•ืช ืขืœ-ืžื ืช ืœืžืœื ืืช ื”ื“ื•ื— ื›ื”ืœื›ื”. ื‘ืคืจื˜ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ืื™ืœื• ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืžื•ื›ืจื•ืช ื•ืื™ืœื• ืœื. ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ ื™ืฉื ืŸ ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ื›ื•ืช ืจืง ื‘ื—ืœืงืŸ – ืื ืœืžืฉืœ ื”ืขืกืง ืคื•ืขืœ ืžื”ื‘ื™ืช, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื ื›ื•ืช 25% ืžื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื•ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื”ื—ืฉืžืœ (ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช ืืœื” ื”ืŸ ืœื ืœืขืกืง ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ืืœื ื’ื ืœื‘ื™ืช). ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื™ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืžื™ืœื•ื™ ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื“ื•ื—, ื•ื™ืžื ืข ืื™ ื ืขื™ืžื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืœ ืžืข”ืž.

ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ืจื•ืื” ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ - ืชืฉื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœืฉืืœื•ืช ื ืคื•ืฆื•ืช

ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจืช ืžืก ื”ื›ื ืกื” ื”ื™ื ืื™ืจื•ืข ืžืœื—ื™ืฅ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื‘ืขืœ ืื• ื‘ืขืœืช ืขืกืง, ื›ื•ืœืœ ืืœื” ืฉืžืงืคื™ื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ืชื ื”ืœื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื›ืœ ื”ื—ื•ืงื™ื ื•ื”ืชืงื ื•ืช. ื™ืฉื ื ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจืช ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ื”ืœืฉื ื”, ื•ื™ืฉ ื’ื ืžืงืจื™ื ืฉื‘ื”ื ื”ืขืกืง ื ื‘ื—ืจ ื‘ืืงืจืื™. ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืฆื‘ ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืฉืชืฃ ืคืขื•ืœื” ืขื ืื ืฉื™ ืจืฉื•ืช ื”ืžื™ืกื™ื ืื‘ืœ ื’ื ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืขื ื•ืช ืขืœ ืฉืืœื•ืช ืฉืœื ื ืฉืืœื• (ืื• ืขืœ ื›ืืœื” ืฉื ื“ืจืฉืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขื ื•ืช ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืžื“ื•ื™ืง).

ื›ืŸ, ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ืจืื™ื™ืช ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืžืชืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืžื•ื“ื•ืœืจื™ื•ืช, ื›ืš ืฉื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื ืžืงื™ืคื™ื ื•ื’ื ื ืงื•ื“ืชื™ื™ื.

ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ื•ื’ื ืœื”ื™ืงืฃ ื”ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ื‘ืขืกืง. ื›ืฉื”ื”ื›ื ืกื•ืช ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ื ืžื•ื›ื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ืกืชื ื’ื ืขืœื•ืช ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืจื•ืื” ื”ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืชื”ื™ื” ื ืžื•ื›ื”.

ื’ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื—ื–ืจื™ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืžื—ื•ืฉื‘ ืœืคื™ ื”ืขืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ื™ื” ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื›ืœ ื”ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ื”ื ื“ืจืฉื•ืช, ืื• ืœืคื™ ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืœ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ – ื”ืกื›ื•ื ื”ื ืžื•ืš ืžื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ื”ื. ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื” ื”ืžืงืกื™ืžื•ื ื”ื•ื 22.60 ืฉ”ื— ืœื›ืœ ื™ื•ื ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ื›ื™ ื”ื—ื–ืจื™ ื ืกื™ืขื•ืช ืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ื”ื›ื ืกื” ืœื›ืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ืžืก ื”ื›ื ืกื”, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ืžื—ื•ื‘ืช ื”ืžืขืกื™ืง ืœื ื›ื•ืช ืžืžื ื• ืžืก, ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ืœืื•ืžื™ ื•ื‘ื™ื˜ื•ื— ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืช.

ืžืฉืจื“ ืจื•ืื™ ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื‘ืชืœ ืื‘ื™ื‘

ืžื™ื“ืข ืœื™ืฆื™ืจืช ืงืฉืจ

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